Common Causes of Acne

Common Causes of Acne

Acne is a common skin disorder that several factors can cause. These include genetics, stress, hormone changes, and diet. However, with proper treatment and prevention of acne from our providers at Penstein Dermatology in New York, NY, it is possible to get rid of acne.

Hormonal Changes

Acne is a skin condition that affects all ages. Its leading cause is hormonal changes. These fluctuations can happen in a person's life and are very difficult to pinpoint. When menstruation starts, the body produces more estrogen. During this time, the production of testosterone also increases. 

These hormones cause the sebaceous glands to produce more oil. This excess oil clogs hair follicles and can cause blemishes. If you notice a change in your skin, you should visit Penstein Dermatology, where we can analyze your skin and recommend the best treatment.

Dietary Choices

Acne is a multifactorial condition that involves several factors, including your diet. Studies have shown that certain foods have a beneficial effect on your skin, while others could make it worse. The proper diet may involve switching from processed to whole grains and eliminating or reducing fatty and sugary foods. 

There are many medications available, from topical washes to prescription medications. Some evidence suggests that a diet rich in antioxidants may help with pimples. This is because these compounds protect the cells from damage. They also have other benefits, such as fighting off infection.

If you have acne it is best to consult our dermatologist to determine the right approach.


Stress is a known acne trigger. However, it can also worsen preexisting breakouts. Identifying the source of your stress helps reduce your acne. Some studies show that stress triggers a small amount of sebum production. This oil mixes with dead skin cells and bacteria, creating a perfect environment for inflammation-causing organisms.

The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) recommends minimizing the adverse effects of stress. This can be achieved by practicing stress-relieving techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, yoga, and exercise.


Many factors can trigger pimples, but a recent study suggests that genetics might play a part in the condition. Cutibacterium triggers inflammation in the skin, leading to clogged pores. The bacteria also stimulates oil production in the follicle. The overproduction of oil can cause blackheads and pimples. The body's immune system helps fight the bacteria. Genetics may also affect how well the immune system can ward off bacteria.

Schedule your appointment with Penstein Dermatology in New York, NY by calling (212) 517-5171 to develop an acne treatment plan.

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